The independence of Bangladesh came through the great liberation war. And the chief architect of the liberation is Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. After the independence, Bangabandhu had formed the state according to his wish. But suddenly on August 15, everything was shuffled. On that day, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was killed. And that day is known as National mourning day in the history of Bangladesh. It is usual that the day of death of the nation’s best person would be known as National Mourning Day.
15th August is the most mournful day in the history of Bangladesh. With the strike of the bullets, the fresh blood of the Bangabandhu family was blowing in the stairs. Bangladesh would never forget the notoriety of that day. Bangladesh lost the guardian through his death. We would like to let you know all the details of one of the mourning days of 1975 of the history. Then your soul will also shake. Let us now know how terrible things happened on that day.
National Mourning Day
National mourning day of Bangladesh is observed on 15th August. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman along with his most of the family members was killed on this day. After a few more days, the mournful day will come. On that day, everyone will remember Bangabandhu with deep respect. There will be the holiday in the country and the environment will contain the mournful situation. We would present the history of how brutal that day was in 1975. Let us now know all the history about 15 August National Mourning Day.
15 August National Mourning Day
The mourning day August 15 is the National Mourning Day. This is the day of pain and sorrow of history. This is the 41st martyr anniversary of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the greatest Bangalee of the nation ever. In this day of 1975 at early morning, this terrible incident of the history occurred. The greatest Bengali of the nation of the history, the greatest architect of the independence, Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman along with most of his family members were killed by some notorious and misguided soldiers of the army. Here is the list of the more people who died in that brutal assault:
- Bangabandhu’s wife, Bangmata Begum Fazilatunnesa Mujib,
- Son Sheikh Kamal
- Sheikh Jamal
- Sheikh Russell
- Daughter-in-law Sultana Kamal
- Rozi Jamal
- Brother Sheikh Nasser
- Colonel Jamil
- Sheikh Fazlul Haque Moni
- Arzu Moni
- Abdur Rab Serniabat
- Shaheed Serniabat
- Arif Rintu Khan
History of National Mourning Day In Bangladesh
History of the National Mourning Day of Bangladesh is very pathetic. On August 15, 1975, the killer party conducted the cowardly attack at early morning on the house of Dhanmondi road number 32. Some misguided members of the army entered the building with the continuous brush fire. No one was able to escape their horror and destructive shoots. They have riddled everyone with bullets no matter it was the woman, the child or the old. After the demonic attack, it has been found that the walls of every floor, window glasses, floor, and roof of the building were flooded with blood and there were scattered brain and bone on the floor. The walls of the building also get riddled with the bullets.
The house belongings were floating on the blood. The dead body of the architect of the liberation, Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman wearing check lungi and white Punjabi was falling down on the middle of the stairs of the first floor. His lower side of the belly and chest were riddled with the bullets. His broken glasses and favorite tobacco pipe were falling beside him. The dead bodies of Sheikh Kamal in the reception room, Begum Mujib in the in front of the main bedroom, Sultana Kamal, Sheikh Jamal, and Rosy Jamal in the bedroom, Sheikh Nasser beside the stairs of the first floor, and little child Sheikh Russel in the main bedroom in between the two sisters-in-law were falling down. The total incident was so pathetic that we could not find any word to express our hatred to those brutal killers. In this way, Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was murdered along with his most of the family members by this destructive killing.
Bangabandhu thought that no Bengali person could be a threat to his life in the independent country. That is why instead of the government house he lived in his favorite historical own home at Dhanmondi road number 32. This house was very favorable to Bangabandhu because the house was the witness of many movements as well as the liberation movement. From here, Bangabandhu focused to rebuild and reform the war-wounded country. Bangabandhu was also very brave in the face of machine gun and gunmen on that day. He asked the question, “What do you want”? Where do you want to take me”?
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is a name, a history. His life was struggling. He grew up in the struggle. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was born on 17th March 1920 in Tungipara, Gopalganj earlier greater Faridpur district. He was involved in politics in his student life. In the language movement of 1952, he was a struggling leader. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was also the creator of the 6 point movement which is considered the milestone of the independence of the Bengali nation. Participating in the election of 1972, Bangabandhu made Awami League a symbol of the hope of the people of the country.
Organizing the democratic movement against the Pakistani military, he became the leader of Bengali nationalism since the sixties. Bangabandhu proclaimed to a gathering of over two million people at the earlier Race Course ground in Dhaka on the 7th March 1971 that “This time the struggle is for our freedom. This time the struggle is for our independence.” In this announcement, the revolting nation gets the fundamental principles of independence and jumped against the Pakistani military forces. All the people of East Pakistan bring the independence of the country. This independent Bangladesh is the great achievement for the greatest person in the history Bangabandhu, for all of us.
National Mourning Day Of Bangladesh Image
We have presented some images here to make the mourning day of August 15 livelier in front of you. Those pictures prove how brutal the day was.
National Mourning Day Paragraph
15th August is so prominent in the history of Bangladesh that it has now become part of the textbook. You can read the full paragraph of August 15.
In February 1966, Mujib announced the Six Point programme of regional autonomy at a conference of Pakistan’s opposition parties in Lahore. In May, he was arrested under the Defence of Pakistan Rules. While in prison, he was charged, in January 1968, with conspiracy to break up Pakistan through what was given out as the Agartala conspiracy case. A mass upsurge forced the withdrawal of the case on 22 February 1969. The next day, at a huge rally at the Race Course, Mujib was officially honoured by a grateful Bengali nation as Bangabandhu — Friend of Bengal.
Bangabandhu led the Awami League to a decisive victory at Pakistan’s first general elections in December 1970. However, as the Yahya Khan regime and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto began to conspire against the Awami League to deny it the right to form a government at the centre, Bangabandhu went before the country on 7 March 1971 and delivered what clearly was the finest speech of his career. He called the struggle one of emancipation and independence.
As the Pakistan army launched its genocide on 25 March 1971, Bangabandhu declared Bangladesh’s independence early on 26 March. He was arrested soon afterward by the army and flown to West Pakistan, to be put on trial on charges of treason. After a trial in camera, he was sentenced to death by a military tribunal in early December 1971. Pakistan’s defeat in Bangladesh and the emergence of the Bengali nation saw him return home a hero, the father of his people, on 10 January 1972.
Bangabandhu took charge of free Bangladesh as prime minister on 12 January 1972. The Jatiyo Sangsad adopted a constitution for the country in December 1972. In early 1975, Bangabandhu went for a change in the system of government, became president of the country and declared a Second Revolution.
In the pre-dawn hours of 15 August 1975, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was assassinated, along with most of his family, in a bloody coup that was to take Bangladesh back to medieval darkness.
THE LAST WORDS
Undoubtedly, 15th August is a slanderous day in the history of Bangladesh. In this day, we lost the Father of the nation. Everybody remembers Bangabandhu with respect to the national mourning day. His deeds will live forever.