The World Literacy Day is celebrated on September 8, 2019. The day should remind annually of the problem of illiteracy. Around one fifth of adult people around the world can neither read nor write. The World Literacy Day was launched by UNESCO following the World Conference on the Elimination of Illiteracy in Tehran in September 1965 and first celebrated on September 8, 1966.
World Literacy Day 2019
In the Middle Ages and at the beginning of the early modern period, the proportion of literacy students was low and concentrated in the cities, at the courts and in the clergy. Impetus for the spread of education, among other things under the influence of the French Revolution since the last decade of the 18th Century, which in turn accelerated by the gradual industrialization and urbanization in the course of the 19th century.
International Literacy Day 2019 Date
UNESCO has been celebrating World Literacy Day annually on September 8, since 1967. Currently, the organization has 750 million illiterates. In many countries it is still a privilege to read and write.
Literacy – the ability to read and write – is an important prerequisite for participation in social life. To commemorate the importance of literacy and adult learning and to raise public awareness of literacy issues, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has been commemorating the World Literacy Day every year since 1967 on 8 September. This was launched in 1966 on the recommendation of the World Conference of Education Ministers on the Elimination of Illiteracy, which took place in September 1965 in Tehran.
HISTORY of Literacy Day
Since 1966, the 8.9. against illiteracy and was declared a World Literacy Day by UNESCO. 3
The day of action began on November 17, 1965, when the World Literacy Day or World Education Day was launched following the Tehran World Conference.
Some 781 million people (the number of unreported cases is probably higher) worldwide can not read and write properly. 2/3 of them are women and girls. For them, a public awareness with various actions around the World Literacy Day will be created.
Numerous events point to this malady and show what a low level of education entails: low chances in the labor market, economic dependency and high birth rates. Reading and writing are prerequisites for a self-determined life and yet in many countries a privilege reserved (if at all) for men only.
World Literacy Day – A global problem
According to data from the UNESCO Statistical Institute from 2016, there are around 750 million adults (over the age of 15) worldwide who are unable to read and write. Almost two-thirds of them are women, around 102 million are young people and young adults between 15 and 24 years. Since the 1990s, however, the proportion of people with at least basic reading and writing skills in the overall population has improved significantly in most countries. In South Asia, for example, the literacy rate between 1990 and 2016 rose from 46 percent to 72 percent. Despite these significant increases, in 2016 almost half of the world’s illiterate population still lived in South Asia.